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Título: Libro Modern Political Economics. Making sense of the post-2008 world. Por Yanis Varoufakis y otros autores- Enlace 1 - Enlace 2

Texto del artículo:


Modern Political Economics. Making sense of the post-2008 world

http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415428880/

Yanis Varoufakis is Professor of Economic Theory at the University of Athens, Greece.

Joseph Halevi is Senior Lecturer at the University of Sydney, Australia.

Nicholas Theocarakis is Assistant Professor of Political Economy and History of Economic Thought at the University of Athens, Greece.

Routledge, 2011, NY
545 páginas


ISBN 978-0-415-42875-0 (hbk)
ISBN 978-0-415-42888-0 (pbk)
ISBN 978-0-415-42935-0 (ebk)


Description


Once in a while the world astonishes itself. Anxious incredulity replaces intellectual torpor and a puzzled public strains its antennae in every possible direction, desperately seeking explanations for the causes and nature of what just hit it. 2008 was such a moment. Not only did the financial system collapse, and send the real economy into a tailspin, but it also revealed the great gulf separating economics from a very real capitalism. Modern Political Economics has a single aim: To help readers make sense of how 2008 came about and what the post-2008 world has in store.

The book is divided into two parts. The first part delves into every major economic theory, from Aristotle to the present, with a determination to discover clues of what went wrong in 2008. The main finding is that all economic theory is inherently flawed. Any system of ideas whose purpose is to describe capitalism in mathematical or engineering terms leads to inevitable logical inconsistency; an inherent error that stands between us and a decent grasp of capitalist reality. The only scientific truth about capitalism is its radical indeterminacy, a condition which makes it impossible to use science's tools (e.g. calculus and statistics) to second-guess it. The second part casts an attentive eye on the post-war era; on the breeding ground of the Crash of 2008. It distinguishes between two major post-war phases: The Global Plan (1947-1971) and the Global Minotaur (1971-2008).

This dynamic new book delves into every major economic theory and maps out meticulously the trajectory that global capitalism followed from post-war almost centrally planned stability, to designed disintegration in the 1970s, to an intentional magnification of unsustainable imbalances in the 1980s and, finally, to the most spectacular privatisation of money in the 1990s and beyond. Modern Political Economics is essential reading for Economics students and anyone seeking a better understanding of the 2008 economic crash.


Review:


'an astonishing tour de force of math, metaphysics, and political economy in the grand tradition, all unfolded in fugal counterpoint'. - Brian Collins, Los Angeles Review of Books


CONTENTS:

1. Introduction Book 1: Shades of Political Economics: Seeking clues for 2008 and its Aftermath in the Economists' Theories 2. Condorcet's Secret: On the Significance of Classical Political Economics Today 3. The Odd Couple: The Struggle to Square a Theory of Value with a Theory of Growth 4. The Trouble with Humans: The Source of Radical Indeterminacy and the Touchstone of Value 5. Crises: The Laboratory of the Future 6. Empires of Indifference: Leibniz's Calculus and the Ascent of Calvinist Political Economics (With an Addendum by George Krimpas Entitled 'Leibniz and the 'Invention' of General Equilibrium') 7. Convulsion: 1929's Lasting Legacy 8. A Fatal Triumph: 2008's Origins in the Stirrings of the Cold War 9. A Most Peculiar Failure: The Curious Mechanism by Which Neoclassicism's Theoretical Failures have been Reinforcing its Dominance since 1950 10. A Manifesto for Modern Political Economics: Postscript to Book 1 Book 2: Modern Political Economics: Theory in Action 11. From a Global Plan to a Global Minotaur: The Two Post-War Phases of US Hegemony, 1947-2008 12. Crash: 2008 and its Legacy (With an Addendum by George Krimpas Entitled 'The Recycling Problem in a Currency Union') 13. A Future for Hope: Postscript to Book 2

Download this list of case studies and useful links for each chapter.
http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/eresources/9780415428880/additional-resources.pdf

ANTICIPO DE LOS ÍNDICES INICIALES:

Contents
List of tables
List offigures
List of boxes
Three authors, three forewords
1 Introduction
BOOK 1
Shades of political economics: seeking clues for 2008 and its
aftermath in the economists' theories
2
Condorcet 's Secret: on the significance of classical political
economics today
3 The odd couple: the struggle to square a theory of value
with a theory of growth
4 The trouble with humans: the source of radical indeterminacy
and the touchstone of value
5 Crises: the laboratory of the future
6 Empires of indifference: Leibniz's calculus and the ascent of
Calvinist political economics (with an addendum by George Krimpas
entitled 'Leibniz and the "invention" of General Equilibrium')
7 Convulsion: 1929 and its legacy
8 A fatal triumph: 2008's ancestry in the stirrings of the Cold War
9 A most peculiar failure: the curious mechanism by which
neoclassicism's theoretical failures have been reinforcing their
dominance since 1950
10 A manifesto for
Modern Political Economics: postscript to Book 1


vi
Contents
BOOK2
Modern political economics: theory in action
11 From the Global Plan to a Global Minotaur: the two distinct phases of
post-war US hegemony
12 Crash: 2008 and its legacy (with an addendum by George Krimpas
entitled 'The Recycling Problem in a Currency Union')
13 A future for hope: postscript to Book 2
Notes
Bibliography


Tables

Input-Output Matrix
The Matrix Economy 's steady-state growth path
The prisoner' s dilemma
Percentage increase/decrease in a country ' s share of world GOP
Average annual rate of change in labour unit costs (in$US)

Figures

3.1
The physiocratic tableau economique
4.1
Nature ' s limits
7. 1
Reward from investing$ 1 5 per week in Wall Street during the
swinging 1920s
7.2
GOP in billion dollars
7.3
The great banking disaster
7 .4
US National Debt as a proportion of US National Income (GOP)
per Presidency ( 1940-2010)
7 .5
Annual rate of inflation in the USA (1929-55)
9.1
The Dance ofthe Meta-axioms
10.1
The six meta-axioms of political economics
1 1 .1
Real GOP per capita during the period of the Global Plan
1 1 .2
Oil dependency
1 1.3
Effects of the 1 970s crisis on the United States ' relative position
1 1.4
Stagnant wages, booming productivity (year 1975 =
I 00)
11.5
US real profits during the post-war peri od and prior to the Crash of 2008
1 1 .6
US trade deficit
1 1.7
U S federal government budget deficit
11. 8
The Global Minotaur's success
12. 1
How the EU and Japan on the one hand and Asia and oil exporters on the
other financed the US current account deficit
12.2
Global capital inflows and outflows, 2003
12.3
US corporate profitability ( 1961-1970 =
100)
12.4
Personal loans and credit card debt of U S households ( 1 961-1970 =
I 00)
1 2.5
Link between median house price inflation and the growth in consumer
spending, 2002-7
1 2.6
The World is Not Enough : world income and the market value of
derivatives (in $US trillions) at the height of the M inotaur' s reign
12. 7
The triumph of financialisation
12. 8
US j ob losses (in thousands) during the 1 2-month period around the
worst post-1945 recessions
1 2.9
The recession of ambition
12.10 A comparison of the Crash of1929 with the Crash of 2008
12. 1 1 The Global Minotaur: a life
12.12 Increase in US assets (in$ billion) OWNED by foreign state institutions
13.1
The Globalising Wall


Boxes

Aristotle' s theory of value in the Nicomachean Ethics
The birth of capitalism: The commercialisation thesis
Why Britain?
Tilting at dark satanic mills
The input-output model underlying the Physiocrats' analysis
A critical celebration of the Physiocrats - by Karl Marx
Smith on capital accumulation
Growth and the distribution of income in a pure com economy
On the possibility of unproductive labour
Ricardo on the machines vs j obs debate
The disappearance of money
Humanity' s resistance to utopia: In the words of a machine
The Matrix Economy 's sector 1
The Matrix Economy 's sector 2
An input-output model for the Matrix Economy
The principle of balanced growth
The architect and the bee
Of generators and humans
Adam Smith on human nature
The dialectic
Of viruses and humans
Labour' s two natures
The labour theory of wages and surplus value
Labour power, human capital and The Matrix
The slave ship and the dialectic of racial identity
Capital's two natures
Dr Faustus and Mr Ebenezer Scrooge in the Age of Capital
The first theory of crises
The role of wages and of the unemployed in regulating capitalism's crises
The Fundamental Marxian Theorem
The ' scientific ' clothes of a political argument and of a teleological
hypothesis: Wages, prices and the falling rate of profit
Value and the conditions for growth in a multi-sector capitalist economy
The Transf
ormation Problem and its implications
The falling rate of profit: Internal and external critiques
Piero Sraffa's model and the spectre ofMatrix Economics


5.15
Capitalism versus slaver)· and The .\lurri.\
6.1
The Inherent Error's triptych
6.2
Backlash
6.3
Neoclassical Price Theory
6.4
Dr Faust and the Equi-.\farginal Principle
6.5
The Marginalists
6.6
Seven Marginalist dogmas
6.7
Natural unemployment
6.8
The futures' trader: A morality tale
6.9
Of famine and arbitrage
6.10
A thoughtful Marginalist on how labour may differ from all other
commodities
6.11
The Marginalist calculus of wages
6.12
The discovery of domestic labour
6.13
On the impossibility of a sensible microeconomics
6.14
Knut Wicksell on capital
6.15
The loss of measurable capital
6.16
Thou canst not stir a flower without troubling of a star
6.17
The two faces of calculus: Newton's
Flux versus
Leibniz's
A1osaic
6.18
Calvin, Leibniz, Walras and ... Voltaire: Neoclassical economics
as a political theology
7.1
Say's Law or the Law o f
the Markets:
The
Inherent Error's
alter ego
7.2
Imperialism's new clothes
7.3
From cornfields to Wall Street
7.4
The unbearable lightness of calculus on the cusp of 1929
7.5
Midas loses his touch
7.6
Keynes on Malthus and the Outsiders
7.7
When Reason defers to
Expectation
7.8
The f
allacy ofcomposition
7.9
Redemptive cycles
7.10
Investment: The joker in the pack
7.11
Neoclassical Revisionism and the role of the Federal Reserve,
then and now
7.12
Austrian Revisionism and the role of the Federal Reserve, then and now
8.1
The 'menace' offinancial reform
8.2
The Cowles Commission for Research in Econo
mics
8.3
The RAND Corporation
8.4
Brouwer's Fixed Point Theorem
8.5
Nash's unique solution to the Bargaining
Problem
9.1
Neoclassicism's three meta-axioms, in
brief
9.2
The first meta-axiom's strong and weak
variants
9.3
The second meta-axiom's strong and weak
variants
9.4
The third meta-axiom's strong and weak
variants
9.5
When formalism is applied to econo
mics it turns political. And when
it is applied to finance it becomes ruino
us
9.6
Neoclassicism's 'slash-and-bum' strate
gy
9.7
Wither capitalism?
10.1
The knowledge machine of Laputa


Boxes
The Bretton Woods Conference
The Global Plan 's New Deal architects
From the Truman Doctrine to the Marshall Plan
From coal and steel to the European Union
The Great Society
Vietnam War: Counting the costs
An odd 'crisis'
The Cretan Minotaur
The Global Minotaur's Guardian and his Disciples
The Cold War's most lethal weapon: Interest rate rises
The Global Minotaur's geostrategic mindset and climate change
A more recent parallel
The rejuvenation of American corporate capitalism
America's soft power
Wal-Mart: A corporation after the Minotaur's heart
Wishful thinking
The trickle-up e ff
ect and securitisation (the ultimate financial weapon
of mass destruction)
Enron
Northern Rock
Taming risk? Henri Poincare' s timely warning
The Effic ient Market Hypothesis
The Rational Expectations Hypothesis
Real business cycles
Black Monday, 'Value at Risk', CDSs, Dr Li ' s formula and the Inherent
Error's latest clothes
The Minotaur's little dragons
Prodigal Japanese savings
Rats abandoning a sinking ship
The diary of a Crash foretold
Recovery
A European Geithner-Summers Plan for bailing out Europe' s banks
A modest proposal for Europe
The Crash of 2008 summarised by Alan Greenspan
(Fed chairman 1987-2007)
Why regulation cannot prevent crises: A rather modem view
Failure pays
A very modem sweatshop
The liberal and the beast
Tyranny matters !
XI

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